B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (2024)

Minor scales have a dark and mysterious sound that is used to create tension and emotion in music. They’re essential scales to learn for composers and musicians, but they can be a bit confusing as there are three different types.

In this post, we’re going to be exploring the natural, melodic, and harmonic forms of B minor scale. So, if you’re ready to dive into the key of B minor, let’s get started!

Table of Contents

B Natural Minor Scale

The first form of B minor that we will look at is the natural minor scale.

It’s made up of seven notes starting on B (which is known as the keynote). It then follows the natural minor scale formula of whole and half steps.

This gives us the notes: B C# D E F# G A

As you can see, it has two sharp notes: F# and C#

B Natural Minor Scale in the Treble Clef

Here are all the notes of B natural minor scale in the treble clef, ascending and descending.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (1)
B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (2)

B Natural Minor Scale in the Bass Clef

Next up, we have B natural minor scale in the bass clef, ascending and descending.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (3)
B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (4)

B Natural Minor Scale in the Alto Clef

The least common of all the clefs, here we have B natural minor scale in the Alto clef, ascending and descending.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (5)
B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (6)

B Natural Minor Scale in the Tenor Clef

And finally, here are all the notes of B natural minor scale in the tenor clef, ascending and descending.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (7)
B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (8)

Natural Minor Scale Formula

The natural minor scale, like every other type of scale, is constructed by using a certain combination of intervals between each note.

The formula, using whole steps and half steps, is:

Whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step.

This is abbreviated toW W H W W W H.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (9)

Using the British terminology of tones and semitones, this would be:

Tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone, tone, tone.

Which gets abbreviated toT S T T S T T.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (10)

B Harmonic Minor Scale

The next form of B minor scale we’ll look at is the B harmonic minor, which is slightly different from the natural minor in that it has a raised 7th note.

So, the notes in B harmonic minor are: B C# D E F# G A#

Like B natural minor, it also has two sharps (F# and C#), but, notice that the seventh note is raised from an A to A#.

B Harmonic Minor Scale in the Treble Clef

First, let’s look at B harmonic minor scale in the treble clef, ascending and descending.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (11)
B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (12)

B Harmonic Minor Scale in the Bass Clef

Next, we have B harmonic minor ascending and descending in the bass clef.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (13)
B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (14)

B Harmonic Minor Scale in the Alto Clef

The least common of all the clefs, here we have B harmonic minor ascending and descending in the alto clef.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (15)
B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (16)

B Harmonic Minor Scale in the Tenor Clef

And now we have B harmonic minor in the tenor clef, ascending and descending.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (17)
B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (18)

Hamonic Minor Scale Formula

The natural minor scale, like every other type of scale, is constructed by using a certain combination of intervals between each note.

The formula, using whole steps and half steps, is:

Whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole and a half step, half step.

This is abbreviated toW H W W H WH H.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (19)

Using the British terminology of tones and semitones, this would be:

Tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone, tone and a semitone, semitone.

Which gets abbreviated toT S T T S TS S.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (20)

B Melodic Minor Scale

And the last type of minor scale we’ll look at is B melodic minor scale. This one is a bit different from the others, though.

When it’s ascending, it’s different from the natural in that its 6th and 7th notes are raised.

This gives us the notes: B C# D E F# G# A#

But, when descending, the 6th and 7th notes are flattened.

This means that it’s the same as the natural minor scale when descending, giving us the notes: A G F# E D C# B

B Melodic Minor Scale in the Treble Clef

Let’s take a look at B melodic minor scale in the treble clef, ascending and descending.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (21)
B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (22)

B Melodic Minor Scale in the Bass Clef

Next up, let’s take a look at B melodic minor scale ascending and descending in the bass clef.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (23)
B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (24)

B Melodic Minor Scale in the Alto Clef

Now we have B melodic minor scale in the alto clef, ascending and descending.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (25)
B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (26)

B Melodic Minor Scale in the Tenor Clef

And here’s B melodic minor scale in the tenor clef, ascending and descending.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (27)
B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (28)

What is the Key Signature of B Minor?

To make playing in a certain key easier for the musician to read, we can use a key signature.

This helps us know to play certain notes sharp or flat without having to read an accidental each time.

B minor has the same key signature as D major, which has two sharps in its key signature: F# and C#

Here’s the key signature for B minor in the treble, alto, tenor, and bass clefs.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (29)

What is the Relative Major Scale of B Minor?

Every minor scale has a relative major scale, and every major one has a relative minor one. But what is the relative major scale of B minor?

The relative major scale of B minor is D major.

Here is D major scale, which uses all the same notes as B natural minor but starts on D, which is its keynote: D E F# G A B C#

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (30)
B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (31)

But how do we know that D major is the relative major scale of B minor?

Well, to work out the relative major key of a minor one, all we have to do is go up three half steps (semitones).

So from B, we go up one half step to C, a second half step to C#, and a third half step to D: B > C > C# > D

To learn more about the relative major of B minor, see our guide to D major scale here.

Conclusion

That’s it for our guide to the scale of B minor! We hope it helped make a bit more sense of everything.

Feel free to use this post as a reference and let us know if you have any other questions.

B Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (2024)

FAQs

What is the B minor harmonic and melodic scale? ›

B Harmonic Minor Scale

For example, the notes of the B natural minor scale are B – C♯ – D – E – F♯ – G – A – B. For the B harmonic minor scale, the notes are B – C♯ – D – E – F♯ – G – A# – B. The seventh note of the scale has been changed from A to A#. It's now a half step (or semitone) higher.

What notes are in B minor harmonic scale? ›

The notes of the B Harmonic Minor scale are B C# D E F# G A#. It's key signature has 2 sharps.

What is natural minor harmonic minor and melodic minor scales? ›

As you can see, natural minor scales have three lowered scale degrees, harmonic minor scales have two, and melodic minor scales have one in the ascending version. Remember, the descending version of melodic minor is the same as natural minor, with three lowered scale degrees.

How to remember the difference between harmonic and melodic minor scales? ›

Unlike the harmonic minor scale, where the distance between the sixth and seventh scale degrees is a step-and-a-half (three half-steps), the melodic minor scale, with its raised 6th, brings us back to the common whole-step/half-step type of scale structure.

What are the notes of the B natural minor scale? ›

First we have B natural minor, with has only the two sharps provided by the key signature: F-sharp and C-sharp. The notes are B, C-sharp, D, E, F-sharp, G, and A.

What notes are in B-flat melodic minor scale? ›

B-FLAT MELODIC MINOR SCALE

The relative major key of B-flat minor is D-flat major. Therefore, B-flat minor has five flats (B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭) and G♭ and A♭ are the sixth and seventh notes. We raise G♭ and A♭ to G and A when ascending the melodic minor scale, and we lower them back to G♭ and A♭ when descending.

What notes are changed in A harmonic minor scale? ›

In order to create harmonic minor scales, we alter the seventh degree by raising it one half step, but we keep all other scale degrees the same. The only difference between these two notes is that the 7th scale degree is raised up by one half step, but we keep all the following notes the same.

What are the chords of the harmonic minor scale? ›

Harmonic minor contains seven types of seventh chords: a minor major seventh chord (i), a half-diminished seventh chord (ii), an augmented major seventh chord (III), a minor seventh chord (ivm7), a dominant seventh chord (V7), a major seventh chord (VImaj7), and a diminished seventh chord (viidim7).

What is the formula for the melodic minor scale? ›

The Melodic Minor scale, in a traditional application, has a different formula when ascending and when descending. When ascending, the melodic minor's formula is 1 2 b3 4 5 6 7, and when descending, the melodic minor's formula is the same as the natural minor's formula: 7 b6 5 4 b3 2 1.

What is the formula for the harmonic scale? ›

The Harmonic Minor Scale Formula

The harmonic minor scale is like a natural minor scale with a raised seventh degree. It is identical to the natural minor scale except for the last note, which is normally a minor seventh scale degree. The formula for the harmonic minor scale is: Scale Degrees: 1-2-b3-4-5-b6-7-1.

How to write A natural minor scale? ›

The scale that is created by playing all the notes in a minor key signature is a natural minor scale. To create a natural minor scale, start on the tonic note and go up the scale using the interval pattern: whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step.

How do you memorize A harmonic minor scale? ›

Luckily, it's not too hard to remember—just raise the 7th note of the natural minor scale by a half-step.

How do you practice melodic minor scales? ›

Practicing the scale
  1. To start, learn the melodic minor scale in every key. *Aim for the raised 6th & 7th tones of each scale:
  2. Play the same scale starting on different notes:
  3. Play the scale in different intervals like 3rd, 4ths, or triads:
  4. Arpeggiate the scale:

Why learn harmonic minor scale? ›

However, the biggest reason we use the harmonic minor instead of the natural minor is that it allows us to sound like we are in the parallel major, particularly when dealing with cadences or tension resolution. Historically, composers like Mozart used the harmonic minor scale to do exactly that.

What is the B ♭ melodic minor scale? ›

Notes of the Bb melodic minor scale ascending: B♭, C, D♭, E♭, F, G, A, B♭. Notes of the Bb melodic minor scale descending: B♭, C, D♭, E♭, F, G♭, A♭, B♭. (These are the notes of the Bb natural minor scale.) The formula for a melodic minor scale (ascending) is W-H-W-W-W-W-H.

What is the B harmonic major scale? ›

The B harmonic major scale is a seven-note scale consisting of the notes B, C♯, D♯, E, F♯, G, and A♯. The scale corresponds to the B major scale with the sixth degree lowered a half step.

What is the melodic minor scale? ›

The melodic minor scale is a variation of the natural minor scale that features raised sixth and seventh scale degrees. In European classical music, the scale sometimes has an ascending form that differs from the descending form.

What is the harmonic minor scale? ›

Thus, a harmonic minor scale is represented by the following notation: 1, 2, ♭3, 4, 5, ♭6, 7, 8. A harmonic minor scale can be built by lowering the 3rd and 6th degrees of the parallel major scale by one semitone.

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